USPS First Class vs Priority Mail

by
June 5, 2019

First Class vs Priority Mail is a common decision ecommerce merchants make. But it’s easy to get the hang of. Generally speaking, anything under 16 oz should use First Class Mail and anything over 16 oz should ship with Priority Mail. There are a few exceptions, of course. And we’ll cover those exceptions later. But for domestic shipments—particularly clothing and apparel.

Why Is It Called First Class Mail?

First Class Mail may sound like it’s the top-tier service, and to a certain extent, it is. But this is not in comparison to Priority Mail. First Class Mail is a class of mail used to ship letters, thick envelopes, padded envelopes, and lightweight packages. First Class Mail is considered the top tier of mailed materials in comparison to:

  • Second Class Mail: periodicals, magazines, newspapers that are printed more than 4 times a year.
  • Third Class Mail: Marketing mail, flyers, mailers, etc.
  • Fourth Class Mail: Media Mail (CDs, vinyl records, DVDs, books, bound print media consisting of 8 or more pages.)

Shipping T Shirts with USPS

Shirts, especially t-shirts are a good candidate to ship with First Class Mail. They’re light-weight and durable. Try using a poly mailers to cut down additional costs.

Why Is It Called Priority Mail?

Priority Mail is the USPS’s class of mail that is their top priority to ship out. It delivers parcels at a quicker speed than First Class Mail and allows for far heavier parcels (up to 70 lbs). Internationally, it is advantageous since it typically cuts shipping time down significantly. Because of this, it is a little bit more expensive than First Class Mail.

Priority Mail is also closer to UPS and FedEx services. However, it is frequently more economical than both UPS or FedEx for packages weighing under about 10 lbs. This is generally because a USPS vehicle passes by addresses each day. Smaller parcels that can fit in a mailbox typically are economical. If the parcel’s size/weight requires the delivery driver to leave their vehicle and/or are too large to fit in their messenger bag, then the price can begin to rise quickly.

Shipping Shoes with USPS

Shoes are almost always going to ship using Priority Mail (Unless they weigh less than 16 oz). Check to see if Flat Rate options offer discounts over standard Priority Mail packaging.

Max Dimensions and Weight for USPS First Class vs Priority Mail

USPS First Class Mail is typically used for smaller, lighter parcels—weighing under a pound—with items whose insured value is not very high. Items over a pound and/or items of higher value work better with Priority Mail.

Restriction TypeFirst Class Mail Max RestrictionsPriority Mail Max Restrictions
USPS First Class MailUSPS Priority Mail
Max Dimensions108” in combined length and girth.*108” in combined length and girth* 
Max Weight15.99 oz°70 lbs*

*Exceeding these maximum restrictions may result in a $100 charge applied to you by the USPS.
°4.4 lbs for First Class International 

Default Insurance Coverage for USPS First Class vs Priority Mail

Coverage TypeFirst Class Mail CoveragePriority Mail Coverage
Domestic CoverageN/A$100*
International CoverageN/A$200*
*Includes Priority Mail Express services

A major advantage of USPS Priority Mail is that it includes coverage in the event that a parcel becomes lost or damaged in transit. First Class Mail offers no default coverage, however, both Priority Mail and First Class Mail do allow additional coverage to be purchased through the USPS or through a third-party provider such as Shipsurance.


Shipping Watches and Other Jewelry

While a watch almost always weighs under 1 lb and can be shipped with First Class Mail, Priority Mail offers up to $100 of coverage in the event that the parcel is lost or damaged.

USPS First Class vs Priority Mail Price Comparison

First Class Mail is a more economical shipping option than Priority Mail. If you would like a breakdown of the shipping rates available to you, check out these rates available to any ShipStation user through their complimentary Stamps.com account.

USPS Transit Time

Now that First Class Mail uses USPS zones when rating, it’s easier to compare transit times. Let’s take a look at the estimated delivery time it takes for different locations around the US and globally:

USPS First Class vs Priority Mail vs Priority Mail Transit Time for Domestic Shipments

USPS ServiceZone 1Zone 3Zone 5Zone 8
Media Mail2 days3 days6 days6-13 days
First Class Mail2 days3 days3 days3-5 days
Priority Mail1-2 day2 days2 days3 days
Priority Mail Express1-2 days1-2 days1-2 days1-2 days

USPS First Class vs Priority Mail International Transit Time

ServiceEstimate Transit Time
First Class Mail InternationalNo guaranteed time frame
Priority Mail International6-10 days*
Priority Express International3-5 days*
*For many major markets. Actual transit time can vary based on origin, destination, and customs delays.

When to Use Media Mail

Media Mail is the USPS’s more affordable, slower option for shipping CDs, vinyl records, DVDs, books, bound print media consisting of 8 or more pages. Unlike other USPS services, the USPS can inspect the package to make sure the contents are approved materials without first authorizing a search warrant.

Shipping Vinyl Records with Media Mail

Vinyl records most commonly ship with Media Mail. As do books, CDs, DVDs, and other physical media. If expedited delivery is important, consider upgrading to First Class Mail or Priority Mail (depending on the weight or insured value).

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